use "man" and "men" when referring to citizens so that the reader keeps in mind that Aristotle, and the Greeks generally, excluded women from political part icipation. For now, he simply says that these pairs of people come together and form a household, which exists for the purpose of meeting the needs of daily life (such as food, shelter, clothing, and so forth). The fact that each of these groups ignores the common good and seeks only its own interest is why both oligarchy and democracy are flawed regimes. In this case those without power will engage in revolution not to change the regime but to change those who are ruling. However, those wishing to preserve good boss vs bad boss essay conclusion either of these kinds of regimes are advised, as oligarchs and democrats have been, to pursue moderation, diminishing the degree of their power in order to extend its duration.
They are also too small a group to be politically consequential: "Those who are outstanding in virtue do not engage in factional conflict to speak of; for they are few against many" (1304b4). But in any particular case, the law, having been established in advance, is impartial, whereas a human judge will find it hard to resist judging in his own interest, according to his own desires and appetites, which can easily lead to injustice. Instead, Aristotle uses politeia (however it is translated) to mean the way the state is organized, what offices there are, who is eligible to hold them, how they are selected, and so forth. But the standards used for grading papers are reasonably straightforward, and the consequences of this judgment are not that important, relatively speaking - they certainly are not worth fighting and dying for. According to Aristotle, everything has a purpose or final end. He, along with all following Cynics, rejected any conventional notions of happiness involving money, power, and fame, to lead entirely virtuous, and thus happy, lives.
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They are necessary for the city to exist - someone must build the houses, make the shoes, and so forth but in the ideal city they would play no part in political life because their necessary tasks prevent them from developing their minds and taking. ) was a Jewish philosopher and astronomer, 43 who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians. Aristotle also knew Philip of Macedon (son of Amyntas III) and there is a tradition that says Aristotle tutored Philips son Alexander, who would later be called "the Great" after expanding the Macedonian Empire all the way to what is now India. It would help to have names, places, and concepts defined and explained through footnotes for the beginning student. . Instead he defines it as a partnership. Aristotle draws a parallel between virtue in individuals and virtue in cities. 62 Sonja Lyubomirsky edit Sonja Lyubomirsky asserted in her 2007 book, The How of Happiness, that happiness is 50 percent genetically determined (based on twin studies 63 10 percent circumstancial, and 40 percent subject to self-control. You choose to drop out of high school or to skip college and you are apt to have a different outcome than someone who gets a diploma and pushes on with purposeful education. This is not to say that the law is unbiased. And even if there is no external surplus, "Notables who are refined and sensible will divide the poor among themselves and provide them with a start in pursuing some work" (1320b8). Journal of Near Eastern Studies July 1995: 227-28.
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