then conceivable a completely perfect being doesn't exist. Zalta note that, for Anselm's Proslogion chapter 2, "Many recent authors have interpreted this argument as a modal one." In the phrase 'that than which none greater can be conceived the word 'can' could be construed as referring to a possibility. and in Knowledge and Certainty: Essays and Lectures by Norman Malcolm, Cornell University Press, 1975) isbn. Norman Malcolm revived the ontological argument in 1960 when he located a second, stronger ontological argument in Anselm's work; Alvin Plantinga challenged this argument and proposed an alternative, based on modal logic. Using specific examples, write an essay explaining your position, drawing on your personal experience, observations or books you might have read for support. The Chronicle of Higher Education.
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First, he argues that such necessary propositions are necessarily true only if such a being exists: If a triangle exists, it must have three angles. New: Download On Lisp for Free. Jordon Sobel writes that Malcolm is incorrect in assuming that the argument he is expounding is to be found entirely in Proslogion chapter. 5 Coherence of a maximally great being edit In his development of the ontological argument, Leibniz attempted to demonstrate the coherence of a supremely perfect being. Therefore, if a being a greater than which cannot be conceived, can even be conceived, it must exist.